• Forward all traffic:

    sshuttle -r username@sshserver
  • By default sshuttle will automatically choose a method to use. Override with the --method= parameter.

  • There is a shortcut for for those that value their wrists:

    sshuttle -r username@sshserver 0/0
  • If you would also like your DNS queries to be proxied through the DNS server of the server you are connect to:

    sshuttle --dns -r username@sshserver 0/0

    The above is probably what you want to use to prevent local network attacks such as Firesheep and friends.

(You may be prompted for one or more passwords; first, the local password to become root using sudo, and then the remote ssh password. Or you might have sudo and ssh set up to not require passwords, in which case you won’t be prompted at all.)

Usage Notes

That’s it! Now your local machine can access the remote network as if you were right there. And if your “client” machine is a router, everyone on your local network can make connections to your remote network.

You don’t need to install sshuttle on the remote server; the remote server just needs to have python available. sshuttle will automatically upload and run its source code to the remote python interpreter.

This creates a transparent proxy server on your local machine for all IP addresses that match (You can use more specific IP addresses if you want; use any number of IP addresses or subnets to change which addresses get proxied. Using proxies everything, which is interesting if you don’t trust the people on your local network.)

Any TCP session you initiate to one of the proxied IP addresses will be captured by sshuttle and sent over an ssh session to the remote copy of sshuttle, which will then regenerate the connection on that end, and funnel the data back and forth through ssh.

Fun, right? A poor man’s instant VPN, and you don’t even have to have admin access on the server.

Additional information for TPROXY

TPROXY is the only method that supports full support of IPv6 and UDP.

There are some things you need to consider for TPROXY to work:

  • The following commands need to be run first as root. This only needs to be done once after booting up:

    ip route add local default dev lo table 100
    ip rule add fwmark 1 lookup 100
    ip -6 route add local default dev lo table 100
    ip -6 rule add fwmark 1 lookup 100
  • The --auto-nets feature does not detect IPv6 routes automatically. Add IPv6 routes manually. e.g. by adding '::/0' to the end of the command line.

  • The client needs to be run as root. e.g.:

    sudo SSH_AUTH_SOCK="$SSH_AUTH_SOCK" $HOME/tree/sshuttle.tproxy/sshuttle  --method=tproxy ...
  • You may need to exclude the IP address of the server you are connecting to. Otherwise sshuttle may attempt to intercept the ssh packets, which will not work. Use the --exclude parameter for this.

  • Similarly, UDP return packets (including DNS) could get intercepted and bounced back. This is the case if you have a broad subnet such as or ::/0 that includes the IP address of the client. Use the --exclude parameter for this.

  • You need the --method=tproxy parameter, as above.

  • The routes for the outgoing packets must already exist. For example, if your connection does not have IPv6 support, no IPv6 routes will exist, IPv6 packets will not be generated and sshuttle cannot intercept them:

    telnet -6 80
    Trying 2404:6800:4001:805::1010...
    telnet: Unable to connect to remote host: Network is unreachable

    Add some dummy routes to external interfaces. Make sure they get removed however after sshuttle exits.